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Entries Tagged as outlines

Shakyamuni Five Paintings - Outline Page

April 04, 2012 ·

An Outline Page for the life story painting set of Shakyamuni Buddha has been added. Take special notice of the wonderful detail images that accompany four of the five paintings.

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Warrior Appearance & Three Moods

January 03, 2012 ·

Warrior Appearance is unique because it is based on Tibetan culture and not Indian cultural iconography. Warrior Appearance also describes both a look and a function. The appearance is that of a warrior and the function is that of an indeginous Tibetan god that has been subjugated, converted, and now employed as a Buddhist protector deity - called a Worldly Protector.

Warrior Appearance is distinct because nothing else in Tantric iconography really looks the same. A warrior is characterized as a male figure wearing a helmet, battle armor, boots and riding a horse. The warrior can hold a range of objects/attributes such as a riding whip, sword or spear. The warrior appearance is what defines the iconographic type, however the facial expressions can range from peaceful, semi-peaceful/wrathful, all the way to extremely wrathful. For this reason it is possible to confuse Warrior Appearance for Wrathful Deity Appearance. It is the over-all visual form of the warrior that is important, not the specific facial expressions. Always notice first the horse, the battle helmet, the body armor and the felt boots.

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Buddha, Monastic & Arhat Appearance: Removing Confusions

January 03, 2012 ·

There are a very small number of human monastic figures that can be confused with Buddha figures. All of the human monastic teachers listed below have basic monastic appearance with the additional Buddha characteristic of the ushnisha on the crown of the head. Some of the figures typically display the gesture of teaching, or Turning the Wheel of Dharma. Occasionally there might also be the urna, single hair tuft, or white dot between the eyebrows.

- Rahula (arhat): commonly depicted with an ushnisha on the crown of the head
- Nagarjuna: commonly depicted with an ushnisha & teaching gesture
- Garab Dorje: commonly depicted with an ushnisha
- Padmasambhava, Shakya Sengge: commonly depicted with an ushnisha
- Sakya Pandita: commonly depicted with an ushnisha & teaching gesture

Monastic Appearance and Arhat Appearance are also similar to each other. There can be overlap in appearance which can lead to confusion in identification. The facial expressions of Arhats, the colours of the robes and the context of the composition are often very different from the depictions of Tibetan monastic figures. Arhats also do not have hats and rarely if ever have Tantric attributes such as a vajra or bell.

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Offerings in Art - Outline Added

January 01, 2012 ·

An Offerings in Art Outline Page has been added.

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Weird & Fantastical Gods & Deities - Updated

December 31, 2011 ·

The Weird & Fantastical Gods & Deities Outline Page has been updated. Links have also been added to the other pages of weird subjects on the HAR website. Work still remains to be done on the main subject page of Weird & Fantastical Gods & Deities such as adding the various links to pages and outlines. There are also more weird gods and deities to include in this growing section.

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Milarepa: Teachers & Students

December 21, 2011 ·

Milarepa was the most famous poet saint of Tibet. He is today principally known for his singing, leading a yogi lifestyle and for being a student of Marpa Chokyi Lodro.

However, before finding Marpa, Milarepa had a number of well known teachers. From amongst the many students of Milarepa the most famous are Rechungpa, Gampopa and the mountain goddess Tseringma. Each of Milarepa's teachers and each of Milarepa's students had many other disciples and students. From many of those teachers and students arose numerous lineages of teachings.

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Marpa Chokyi Lodro: Teachers & Students

December 15, 2011 ·

Marpa Chokyi Lodro is credited with the founding of the Marpa Kagyu Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. He had a number of well known teachers in Tibet, Nepal and India. The most famous teacher was the Indian siddha Naropa. From amongst the many students, Milarepa is the most well known. Each of Marpa's teachers and each of Marpa's students had many other disciple students. From each of these teachers and students arose numerous lineages of teachings. Some of the lineages of teachings remained within schools and traditions named after the many students while other lineages were absorbed into the Sakya, Jonang or Gelug Traditions.

The word lineage refers more accurately to a specific line of teachings, a specific transmission from a text or oral tradition, on a specific topic, such as Hevajra, Chakrasamvara or Guhyasamaja. For the Mahayan traditions there are the individual lineages of the Bodhisattva ordinations from the Madhyamakaand Yogachara. For the Hinayana Tradition there are the lineages of monastic ordination which can come from a number of different lineage traditions such as the Sarvastavadin from India. There are numerous Tibetan lineages of monastic ordination with the specific lineage of Shakyashri Bhadra being particularly well known.A school or tradition, such as the Kagyu School or Kagyu Tradition is a social and political construct. Schools and Traditions, two words often used inter- changeably, are larger repositories for the hundreds of individual lines of teachings, i.e. Tibetan Lineages.

An example of a lineage in the Marpa Kagyu Tradition would be the Ganges River Mahamudra taught by Naropa to Marpa. Another would be the Chakrasamvara instructions taught by the Pamting Brothers of Nepal to Marpa. It is always important to learn the differences early on between schools/traditions and specific teaching lineages.

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Buddha Appearance Outline Page - Added

October 18, 2011 ·

In art Buddha Appearance refers to figures that have the form of a buddha as defined by the early Buddhist literature describing the characteristics of a buddha such as the Thirty-two Major and Eighty Minor Marks of a Buddha. Typically buddha figures are facing forward, with a dot between the eyebrows, an ushnisha on the top of the head marked with a gold ornament, three lines under the neck, elongated earlobes, wearing the patchwork robes of a fully ordained monk and seated in the vajra posture with the right leg over the left. Buddhas can have different colours. Shakyamuni is generally depicted as golden in colour, Amitabha red, Medicine Buddha appears blue, etc.

In Vajrayana Buddhism there are many Buddhas that do not have 'Buddha Appearance' but rather 'Peaceful Deity Appearance.' There are also a number of historical figures such as Nagarjuna, Garab Dorje and Sakya Pandita that can also have buddha-like characteristics. (See the Buddha Appearance Main Page).

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Four Types of Lineage Depiction - Outline

October 17, 2011 ·

The Four Types of Lineage Depiction in Painted Compositions depicted as an Outline Page with selected examples.

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Three Composition Types & Subjects in Tibetan Painting

October 16, 2011 ·

There are three main composition types and subjects in Himalayan and Tibetan art. The three are [1] Figurative representing human forms, deities and gods, [2] Narrative (which can include a central figure) relating biography, history or teaching stories and [3] Diagrammatic such as mandalas, charts, didactic, wheel of life and refuge field paintings.

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