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Padmasambhava and consort are the central figures in the composition. Seated above are the lineage teachers. At the lower front are the Buddhas. At the left are the transcendent followers (Sanskrit: sangha) - the bodhisattvas. At the right are the Shravaka followers. The sacred books representing the Dharma, Buddhist teachings, are stacked behind the central figures. Meditational deities and protectors are below encircling the Buddhas. Additional protector deities are often depicted at the bottom of the painting.
Nyingma Tradition Refuge Field paintings first appear in the 19th century as a visual representation of the Field of Accumulation for the Longchen Nyingtig uncommon preliminary practices as taught by Jigme Lingpa (1729-1798) and later explained in detail by Patrul Rinpoche in the famous text The Words of My Perfect Teacher. Recent painting commissions depicting the 'terma' revelations of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche reveal several Refuge Field compositions.
The Hahn Collection, South Korea, has three published paintings of the Longchen Nyingtig Field of Accumulation: volume 3, figure 13, and volume 4, figures 14 and 88.
Paintings in Chronological Order:
- Late 1800s to early 1900s: #90503, 93714, 93814, 94476, 3314598
- Mid 1900s: #73263, 90145, 98913, 77262
- Early 2000: #57030