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Lama Tsongkapa (1357-1419) was the founder of the Gelugpa School of Tibetan Buddhism. He established the Ganden Monastery which became the principal seat of the school. Beginning with Tsongkapa, the successive Throne Holders of Ganden Monastery are the heads of the Gelugpa Tradition.

"Tsongkhapa Lobzang Dragpa (tsong kha pa blo bzang grags pa), 1357-1419, was born in the Tsongkha (tsong kha) region of Amdo in 1357. His mother was Shingza Acho (shing bza' a chos, d.u.) and his father was Lubum Ge (klu 'bum dge, d.u.). Among the numerous miraculous incidents and omens believed to have taken place surrounding his birth, perhaps the most famous is that of a drop of blood from Tsongkhapa's umbilical cord that is said to have fallen on to the ground, giving rise to a sandalwood tree whose leaves bore symbols related to the Lion's Roar manifestation of the bodhisattva Manjushri, a deity with whom Tsongkhapa would later be identified. His mother later built a stupa on this spot and over time further structures and temples were added. Today the location of Tsongkhapa's birth is marked by Kumbum Monastery (sku 'bum dgon pa), founded in 1583 by the Third Dalai Lama Sonam Gyatso (ta la'i bla ma 03 bsod nams rgya mtsho, 1543-1588) on the spot of the original stupa." (Read the Full Biography).

Forms & Types:
- Explanation of Iconographic Form
- Tsongkapa Five Forms
- Tsongkapa as a Mahasiddha
- Tsongkapa Descending from Tushita
- Tsongkapa (Yogachara & Madyamaka Lineages)
- Tsongkapa & Refuge Field
- Tsongkapa Masterworks (painting)
- Tsongkapa Metal Mold & Sculpture
- Others...

Tsongkapa: Life-story Main Page
- Life-story Blockprint Set
- Life-story Blockprint Set on Silk
- Life-story (Zanabazar Museum)
- Life-story Asymmetrical Sets
- Others...

Jeff Watt 5-2002

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