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Body Mandalas refer to the physical human body, the nervous system, veins, arteries, spine and principal joints of the body. All of these physical parts of the body are visualized (imagined) to be major and minor deities. Body Mandala theory and practice is found with many of the religious and spiritual movements in Asia such as the Shaiva, Tantric Buddhism, Bon and Taoist religions. In Tantric Buddhism body mandalas are taught in the major Anuttarayoga systems of practice such as the Chakrasamvara, Guhyasamaja and Hevajra Tantras. Each of these Tantras have different explanations for naming the individual deities, and describing and explaining the meanings and functions of the internal body mandala.
Jeff Watt 8-2011