Entries for month: February 2011

Six Ornaments & Two Excellent Ones - Updated

February 28, 2011 ·

The Six Ornaments and Two Excellent Ones of the Southern Continent is the name given to the group of the most important Indian Buddhist scholars of the Mahayana Tradition. The two foremost among the first six are Nagarjuna, founder of the Madyamaka Tadition, and Asanga, founder of the Yogachara tradition. Their two principal students were Aryadeva and Vasubhandu respectively, followed by the two, Dharmakirti and Dignaga. These six constitute the 'six ornaments.'

The 'two excellent ones' are Gunaprabha and Shakyaprabha. The 'southern continent' refers to India, or the human continent of Jambudvipa in the Buddhist cosmological system where there are four continents that surround the central mountain (Sumeru) of a small world system.

The Six Ornaments Main Page and Outline Page have been updated along with the addition of painting and drawing sets.

Tags: Sets · iconography

Six Monasteries of the Nyingma Tradition

February 27, 2011 ·

The Six Mother Monasteries of the Nyingma Tradition are Katog Dorje Den (founded in 1159), Tubten Dorje Drag (1632), Palyul Namgyal Jangchub Ling (1665), Urgyan Mindroling (1676), Dzogchen Urgyan Samten Choling (1685) and Shechen Tennyi Dargye Ling (1735). This version of the six was promoted by the Shechen Rabjam incarnation line of Shechen Monastery.

An earlier list has the monastery of Chongye Palri Tegchog Ling in place of Shechen Monastery. Dodrubchen Monastery is sometimes substituted for Katog. Samye was the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet established by King Trisong Detsen and Shantirakshita with the help of Padmasambhava. Samye is not included in the list of six probably for a number of different reasons such as its importance for all of Tibetan Buddhism and the fact that it has been under Sakya administration for more than several centuries.


The Eight Chariots of Spiritual Accomplishment

February 26, 2011 ·

The Eight Chariots of Spiritual Accomplishment is a 16th century classification of Tibetan religious traditions. The system was later  popularized by Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Taye in the 19th century. The Eight Chariot system lists what Kongtrul promotes, in several publications, as the significant practice traditions of Tibetan Buddhism. Kongtrul uses this Eight Chariot formulation in structuring the Dam Ngag Dzo collection of practices. It is also important to mention that Kongtrul was not fixed on one system or one presentation but used a number of other variations of the Eight Chariots system in other writings. Several painting sets are known to have been created depicting the principal teachers and deity practices of the Eight Chariots of Spiritual Accomplishment.

Tags: outlines

Sakya Deities & Lineages Painting Set

February 24, 2011 ·

Images of various Anuttarayoga Tantric meditational deities accompanied by the initiation & teaching lineages of the Sakya & Ngor Tradition.

Tags: painting

Sakya Anuttarayoga Iconography Painting Set

February 24, 2011 ·

Images of various Anuttarayoga Tantric meditational deities of the Sakya Tradition. The paintings are from the Kham region of Eastern Tibet and likely commissioned and created in the Dege area.

Tags: iconography

Chetsun Sengge Wangchug

February 24, 2011 ·

Images and biography of Chetsun Sengge Wangchug (12th century) the originator of the Chetsun Nyingtig and later re-discovered by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892).

Tags: Biography

Karma Kagyu Lineage Three Painting Set

February 23, 2011 ·

The three composition painting set depicts the Karma Kagyu Mahamudra Lineage ending with the 14th Gyalwa Karmapa, Tegchog Dorje (1799-1869). The iconographic details in each painting are really fascinating. The lineage begins in the central Marpa painting with the primordial Buddha Vajradhara at the top center. Directly above Milarepa is the Indian siddha Tilopa. Directly above Gampopa is Naropa. The lineage then descends through the Marpa composition and then moving again to the Milarepa painting followed by the Gampopa painting and the completion of the lineage up to the 14th Karmapa.

At the lower center of the Marpa painting is a depiction of the 10th Shamar Mipam Chodrub Gyatso (1742-1792). At the lower center of the Milarepa composition is what appears to be a Tai Situ, possibly Chokyi Jungne. At the lower center of the Gampopa composition is the 5th Karmapa Deshin Shegpa (1384-1415).

Tags: painting

Mindroling Tradition Outline Page

February 21, 2011 ·

The Mindroling Monastery was founded in 1676 by Terdag Lingpa Gyurme Dorje (1646-1714). In the 19th century Mindroling was included as one of the six great monastic institutions of the Nyingma Tradition along with others, both new and old, such as Katog, Dorje Drag, Payul, Shechen  and Dzogchen. Some of the art and iconography of Mindroling is distinctive because of either identifiable historical figures like Terdag Lingpa, unique iconography or name inscriptions written on the paintings or sculpture.

Generally with Nyingma art, when it is possible to identify a sub-tradition, it can be contextualized either by monastic institution or by individual lineage  - 'kama' or 'terma' - such as with Pema Lingpa, Dorje Lingpa, Dudjom Lingpa, etc.

Tags: outlines · Nyingma

Updated - Navigation Outline Pages for People & Religious Traditions

February 21, 2011 ·

The navigation page listing individuals with a graphic Outline Page has been updated along with the navigation page for Religious Traditions.

Tags: outlines · navigation

Images of Lowo Khenchen Sonam Lhundrub & Biography

February 18, 2011 ·

A Biography of Lowo Khenchen Sonam Lhundrub (b.1456/1441 - d.1532/1525), the most famous 16th century Ngorpa teacher of Mustang (Lo Montang), has been uploaded to the website to accompany the images of paintings and sculpture. Almost every major collection of Tibetan sculpture in museum or private hands will have a figure of Lowo Khenchen. After the Five Founding Teachers (Jetsun Gongma Nga) of Sakya and then the founder of Ngor Monastery, Ngorchen Kunga Zangpo -  Lowo Khenchen is surely the most common portrait image of a Sakya teacher. The images of Lowo Khenchen on the HAR website do not properly reflect the total number of images that are extant in known collections.  More images will be uploaded to the Lowo Khenchen page in the near future.

Tags: Biography