Himalayan Art Resources

Buddhist Deity: Jambhala Main Page

Jambhala Main Page | Jambhala Outline Page

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Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Jambhala Definition (below)
- Jambhala Outline Page
- Yellow Jambhala (solitary)
- Yellow Jambhala (with consort)
- Yellow Jambhala (with six deities) Mitra Tradition
- Yellow Jambhala (with consort & eight paired retinue figures)
- Yellow Jambhala (three faces, six arms, consort)
- Yellow Jambhala (three faces, six arms, consort) Guhyasamaja Tradition
- Black Jambhala (solitary)
- Green Jambhala (with consort, eight retinue devi) Kalachakra Tradition
- White Jambhala (with four goddesses)
- Red Jambhala (with consort) Sakya Tradition
- Red Jambhala (three faces, six hands, consort) Gayadhara Tradition
- Red Jambhala (three faces, six hands, consort) Traba Ngonshe Tradition
- Jambhala in the Rinjung Lhantab
- Multi-coloured Jambhala (Nyingma 'Revealed Treasure' Katog Tradition)
- Wealth Deities Main Page
- Wealth Deities Outline Page
- Vasudhara Main Page
- Masterworks
- Confusions
- Others...

- King Appearance
- Peaceful Appearance
- Semi-peaceful Appearance
- Wrathful Appearance

There are a number of different forms and traditions of the wealth deity Jambhala. He is found in five principal colours: yellow, black, white, green and red. The most common are the yellow and black Jambhala forms followed by the red and white forms. Some of these can also have several different appearances with varying numbers of hands and heads. If Jambhala is appearing with a consort it is is almost always the goddess Vasudhara. Aside from those Indian Buddhist forms, there are also Nyingma forms of Jambhala that arise from the 'Revealed Treasure' Tradition. One particular form has the physical appearance of Black Jambhala but in this Nyingma example he is multi-coloured with arms, legs, torso and head all different. Other than the Traba Ngonshe and multi-coloured forms no other Nyingma Jambhala figures are presently listed here.

Jeff Watt 5-2007 [updated 5-2017]