Item: Tara (Buddhist Deity)

སྒྲོལ་མ། སྣང་བརྙན་ཡོངས། 度母(本尊)(全像)
(item no. 81641)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1900 - 1959
Lineages Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Tara, Green: (Tibetan: drol ma jang ku, English: the Green Liberator or Saviouress). This image of Green Tara is from a set of hand painted initiation cards belonging to the set known as the Rinjung Lhantab of the 4th Panchen Lama based on the earlier work of Jonang Taranata called the Rinchen Trengwa. (See Gods & Deities in Tantric Buddhism).

According to Vajrayana Buddhism Tara is a completely enlightened Buddha that typically appears in the form of a beautiful youthful woman sixteen years of age. By category and hierarchy Tara is a Meditational Deity (yidam) and her appearance is that of a peaceful deity which is synonymous with Devi and Bodhisattva Appearance - one of the Eleven Figurative Forms in Tibetan art.

Tara made a promise in the distant past that after reaching complete enlightenment she would always appear in the form of a female for the benefit of all beings. She especially protects from the eight and sixteen fears and has taken on many of the early functions originally associated with the deities Avalokiteshvara and Amoghapasha. Practiced in all Schools of Tibetan Buddhism Tara, amongst all of the different deity forms, is likely second in popularity only to Avalokiteshvara. Meditational practices and visual descriptions for Tara are found in all classes of Buddhist Tantra, both Nyingma and Sarma (Sakya, Kagyu, Geliug).

The most common forms of Tara are the green which is considered special for all types of activities, white for longevity and red for power. The different forms of Tara come in all colours, numbers of faces, arms and legs, peaceful, semi-peaceful and wrathful. There are simple meditational forms representing a single figure and then there are complex forms with large numbers of retinue figures filling all types of mandala configurations. There are likely to be close to two hundred different meditational forms of Tara.

Jeff Watt 3-2007

Related Items
Thematic Sets
Buddhist Deity: Tara Main Page (Paintings)
Subject: Gods & Deities in Buddhist Art
Initiation Cards: New Tantras

Copyright © 2015 Shelley and Donald Rubin Foundation. Images Provided Courtesy of Private Collections