Himalayan Art Resources

Stupa (chaitya): Main Page

Stupa: Art & Sculpture | Stupa Outline Page | Ritual Objects Main Page

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Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Stupa (Chaitya) Definition (below)
- Stupa Outline Page
- Painting
- Metal
- Crystal
- Stone
- Chariot Ritual (Nepal)
- Eight Great Stupas
- Kadampa Style
- Stupa: Architecture
- Pilgrimage Sites (Stupa)
- Densatil Tashi Gomang Stupas
- Gyantse Kumbum Stupa
- Jonang Kumbum Stupa
- Stupas in Amdo (Rob Linrothe)
- Baudhanath (Nepal)
- Swayambhunath (Nepal)
- Aniko Stupa (Beijing, China)
- Bodhgaya Stupa (Beijing, China)
- Behai (Beijing, China)
- Wutaishan (China)
- Confusions
- Others...

Sanskrit: Chaitya Tibetan: Chorten

Arising historically from the chaitya (funerary mounds) of early Buddhism and symbolically from the tope (ushnisha), bundle of hair, on the crown of the Buddha's head, the stupa is viewed as a physical representation of the unseen enlightened mind of a Buddha. Later the stupa became a symbol incorporating both the blueprint for the path to enlightenment and enlightenment itself (see an example).

Jeff Watt 8-2005 [updated 4-2017]

Resources:
- Bibliography
- External Links