Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Kunzang Gyalwa Dupa (Bon Deity)

ཀུན་བཟང་རྒྱལ་བ་འདུས་པ། བོན་ལྷ། 昆桑嘉瓦度巴(本教本尊)
(item no. 18460)
Origin Location Tibet
Lineages Bon
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

Tibetan: Kunzang Gyalwa Dupa (kun bzang rgyal ba 'dus pa).

Peaceful in appearance, white in colour, Kunzang Gyalwa Dupa has five faces and ten arms, seated in a crossed leg posture. A unique feature of this deity, especially seen in sculpture, is four legs rather than two. The upper two thirds of the composition are filled with early Bon teachers. The lower portion of the composition is populated with later Bon monastic teachers wearing robes and the unique Bon monastic hat.

Kunzang Gyalwa Dupa, the All-good Collection of Conquerors, a combined deity representing the Bon version of the Five Families of Conquerors. He is a peaceful deity who also represents the powers and strengths of all the great Bon deities. He is also regarded as the peaceful form of three of the fiercest deities: Walse Ngampa, Trowo Tsochog Kagying and Lago Topa. He is often depicted with two consorts Tugje Chamma and Namkai Lhamo.

At the top center is Kuntu Zangpo. In the left corner is the meditational deity Walse Ngampa.

Jeff Watt 1-2018

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Collection of Dr. Richard R. Ernst (Bon Paintings)
Bon Deity: Kunzang Gyalwa Dupa Main Page