Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Mahakala (Buddhist Protector) - Panjarnata (Lord of the Pavilion)

མ་ཧཱ་ཀཱ་ལ། ནག་པོ་ཆེན་པོ། 玛哈嘎拉
(item no. 204251)
Origin Location China
Date Range 1400 - 1499
Lineages Buddhist
Material Metal, Mercuric Gild, Painted Face/Hair
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Wrathful

Gender: Male

TBRC: W25327

Interpretation / Description

Panjarnata Mahakala. Yongle Period based on the inscription. The ‘ghandi’ staff held across the forearms does not appear to be original to the sculpture. There are several different iconographic versions of Panjarnata. With respect to attributes the Gayadhara tradition, also known as the Sakya Lamdre, does not depict a ‘ghandi’ staff. The Rinchen Zangpo and Mal Lotsawa traditions describe the staff. With respect to physical bodily appearance the above mentioned traditions depict bent squat looking legs while the Nagarjuna tradition describes the two legs as standing together and straight.

Jeff Watt 3-2020

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Mahakala: Panjarnata, Lord of the Pavilion (Main Page)
Sculpture: Yongle & Xuande Style (Masterworks)
Mahakala: Panjarnata Masterworks (Sculpture)
Sculpture: Yongle Style, Xuande & Zhengtong Period Sculpture