Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Mandala of Chakrasamvara (Buddhist Deity) - (Krishnacharin Tradition)

འཁོར་ལོ་བདེ་མཆོག། ནང་ལྷ། 勝樂金剛 (全图)
(item no. 23548)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1400 - 1499
Lineages Sakya and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Semi-Peaceful

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Chakrasamvara and Vajrayogini Sixty-two Deity Mandala according to the system of the Indian Mahasiddha Krishnacharya.

"...Shri Chakrasamvara with a body blue in colour, four faces and twelve hands. The main face is blue, left face red, back face yellow and right face white. Each face has three eyes and four bared fangs. The first two hands hold a vajra and bell embracing the mother. The lower two hold an elephant skin out-stretched; third right a damaru, fourth an axe, fifth a trident, sixth a curved knife. The third left holds a katvanga marked with a vajra; fourth a vajra lasso, fifth a blood filled skullcup, sixth carries the four-faced head of Brahma. The right leg is straight and presses on the breast of red Kalaratri; left bent and pressing on the head of black Yama. The hair is tied in a topknot on the crown of the head; on the crest a wish-fulfilling jewel ornament and crescent moon. The soft spot at the top of the head is marked with a vishvavajra. Each head has a crown of five dry human skulls; a necklace of fifty fresh heads and six bone ornaments; wearing a lower garment of tiger skin; possessed of the nine emotions of dancing; grace, fearlessness and ugliness; laughter, ferocity and frightfulness; compassion, fury and peacefulness."

"In the lap is the Mother Vajravarahi, with a body red in colour, one face, two hands and three eyes. The left holds a blood filled skullcup embracing the Father and the right a curved knife in a threatening gesture pointed in all directions. The hair is worn piled on the head; a crown of five dry human skulls and fifty dry as a necklace. The left leg is straight and right bent, embracing the Father. Both Father-Mother stand in the middle of a blazing fire of pristine awareness." (Written by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892). The Collected Works of the Great Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, vol.7, fol.215-226. Gyud de Kun Tus, vol.25, folios 11-19. [Translated October 14, 1989]).

In the top register are the lineage teachers of the Chakrasamvara cycle of teachings and rituals. The deity at the upper left is Hevajra. on the right side is Vajrabhairava. At the lower left is the Six-faced Krishna Yamari. On the right side is the Three-faced Krishna Yamari. All of the smaller deities surrounding the mandala and in the bottom register relate to the Chakrasamvara mandala practice.

Jeff Watt 1-2015

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara (Mandala Masterworks)
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara Mandala (Early Works)
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara Main Page
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara (Krishnacharin Tradition)