|Date Range||1000 - 1099|
|Lineages||Kadam and Buddhist|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
"Arya Achala has a body dark blue in colour with one face and two hands. The right hand holds aloft a sword and the left performs the wrathful gesture at the heart. Above a lotus and sun seat [he] stands with the right leg bent and the left straight [atop] Vighnanraja [Lord of Hindrances - the elephant headed Ganesh]. Wearing a lower garment of tiger skin, having three eyes, red and round, orange hair flowing upward, all the limbs adorned with snakes, [he] stands in the middle of a blazing mass of fire." (The Narthang Gyatsa of Chim Namka Drag).
Jeff Watt [updated 6-2019]
An early Tibetan mandala of Ekallavira Achala in a private collection: An Art Historical Analysis by Pratapaditya Pal. September 09, 2013.