Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Medicine Buddha

སངས་རྒྱས་སྨན་ལྷ། 药师佛
(item no. 31344)
Date Range 1200 - 1299
Lineages Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

Medicine Buddha (Sanskrit: Bhaishajyaguru) (Tibetan: sang gye men la. English: the Buddha - Guru of Medicine). Western Xia Kingdom 1038 to 1227.

The depicted forms and ritual practices of Medicine Buddha are derived from the Bhaishajyaguru Sutra and according to Buddhist Tradition were taught by Shakyamuni Buddha. In the Vajrayana Buddhist Tradition this sutra is classified as Tantra literature and belonging to the Kriya classification. Many works under the Kriya classification are understood as being both sutra texts and tantra texts at the same time. Medicine Buddha imagery and practice is common to all of Tibetan and Himalayan Buddhism and particularly important to the Tibetan medical schools and traditions.

Jeff Watt 3-2014

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Subject: Karmapa (Early Paintings)
Region: Western Xia (Tangut) Main Page
Painting Style: West Tibet, Silk Road & Xixia Comparison
Buddhist Deity: Medicine Buddha Religious Context
Buddhist Deity: Medicine Buddha (Early Paintings)
Buddhist Deity: Medicine Buddha, 药师佛, སངས་རྒྱས་སྨན་ལྷ། (Masterworks)
Buddhist Deity: Medicine Buddha Main Page
Region: Western Xia (Painting)