|Origin Location||Eastern Tibet|
|Date Range||1700 - 1799|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment, Fine Gold Line on Cotton|
|Collection||Shelley & Donald Rubin|
|Catalogue #||acc.# P1996.19.18|
|Painting School||Palpung / Situ|
Abheda, the Elder (Tibetan: ne ten, mi je pa, Sanskrit: Sthavira Abheda): the 16th of the 16 Great Arhats, principal students of the buddha Shakyamuni.
Gazing directly forward with eyes partially closed, and a sparse trace of dark facial hair, the hands respectfully covered with a white scarf hold at the heart a golden stupa. Across the left shoulder and wrapped around the torso is the orange and red patchwork robe of a monk, cut from strips of discarded cloth and dyed with saffron. The lower body is covered with a blue robe tied with an orange sash. In a relaxed posture with the ankles crossed and the feet exposed he sits atop a monk's meditation mat on a rough wooden platform seat. A large areola of ethereal light blended with the background and framed by massive flower blossoms of various colour and rich green foliage frame the head. At the right a layperson seated on a cloudbank offers in wide-open arms a white scarf. Below that a heavenly figure with flowers in the hair and a long flowing blue scarf holds an offering upraised with both hands. A small child behind clutches a large flower vase.
"On the King of Snow Mountains is the noble elder Abheda, surrounded by 1,100 arhats; homage to the one holding an enlightenment stupa." (Sakya liturgical verse).
The full group of arhats would traditionally comprise 25 figures: the buddha Shakyamuni, together with the two foremost disciples - Shariputra and Maudgalyayana, the 16 Arhats, the attendant Dharmata, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions; Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.
Jeff Watt 8-99
Arhat: Abheda Main Page/Sthavira
Collection of Shelley & Donald Rubin (Teachers)
Arhat/Sthavira: Main Page & Arhat/Sthavira Appearance (Elder)
Painting Set: Arhats: Single Main Figure
Arhat/Sthavira (Buddhist Elder): Abheda Masterworks
Painting Style: Palpung Monastery
Painting Set: Situ Panchen Painting Set Commissions
Painting Set: Shakyamuni and Arhats (Situ)
Collection of Shelley & Donald Rubin
Arhat/Sthavira: List of Elders & Related Figures
Painting Style: Palpung - Teachers & Siddhas