|Origin Location||Eastern Tibet|
|Date Range||1700 - 1799|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Shelley & Donald Rubin|
|Catalogue #||acc.# P1996.20.2|
Dusum Khyenpa, the 1st Karmapa (1110-1193) along with the early Tibetan lineage gurus of the Kagyu tradition.
Having an older appearance with gray hair and unshaven he performs the mudra of Dharma teaching with both hands held at the heart in a similitude of a Dharma wheel. Wearing a black vajra crown received as a gift from the dakinis in acknowledgment of his realization he is attired in the orange and yellow robes of a fully ordained monk furthered covered with a yellow brocade meditation cape. On a low seat befitting a monk, with a backrest and cloth brocade cover, he sits in vajra posture before a three-legged table supporting a Dharma book, bowl of persimmons and three wishing jewels.
At the top center is Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro (1012-1097) the first Tibetan lineage guru of what would later become the Kagyu Tradition - one of the four pre-eminent schools of Tibetan Buddhism. With short black hair, a moustache and goatee he wears the garments of a layman and with both hands performs the mudra of earth witness. At the left is the main student of Marpa, the famous yogin Milarepa (1040-1123), wearing long black hair, a simple white cotton garment and a red meditation belt. He holds the right hand up to the ear and the left is pressed to the ground behind, seated in a relaxed posture on a grey deerskin. At the right the main student of Milarepa and the main teacher of Dusum Khyenpa, Gampopa (1079-1153), performs with the two hands at the heart the mudra of Dharma teaching. Wearing a red cap with wide lappets he is attired in the orange and red robes of a monk.
At the bottom left is the wrathful activity deity of the Padma Buddha Family, Hayagriva (Horse Neck), red, with one face and two hands holding upraised in the right a skull stick and in the left a lick of red flame. At the right is the wrathful lord of the Vajra Buddha Family, Vajrapani (Vajra Sceptre Holder), blue, with one face and two hands holding upraised a gold vajra in the right hand and the left in a wrathful gesture at the heart. Both wear wrathful vestments and are surrounded by the flames of pristine awareness.
Dusum Khyenpa was the founder of the Karma (Kamtsang) branch of the Kagyu Lineage. He served as Abbot of Daklha Gampo monastery after Gampopa and founded Tsurphu monastery - becoming the seat of the incarnate Karmapa lamas.
Jeff Watt 3-2000