Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Yamari, Krishna (Buddhist Deity)

གཤིན་རྗེ་གཤེད་ནག། ནག་པོ། 黑威罗瓦金刚
(item no. 464)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Nyingma
Size 45.72x34.93cm (18x13.75in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Catalogue # acc.# F1996.16.7
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

Manjushri Yamari (Tibetan: jam pal shin je. English: Glorious Melodious Speech, Enemy of Death): from the Revealed Treasure (terma) tradition of the Nyingma School.

"...Manjushri Yamari, with three faces, black, white and dark red. Having six hands, the three right hold a wheel, sword and vajra, the left a hook, pestle and wrathful gesture. Possessing the nine sentiments of dance and complete with the eight articles of the charnel grounds. Having four legs, the left are extended, standing in the middle of the [fire] of pristine awareness." (Terdag Lingpa Gyurme Dorje (1646-1714) and Min-ling Lochen Dharmashri 1654-1718. Tibetan source text 'dod 'jo bum bzang page 232).

Lineage: Tsedag Nonpo Necho, Shinje She, Dorje Nonpo, Jampal Shenyen, Shantigarbha, Yeshe Nyingpo, Khagarbha, Dragtung Nagpo, Tsuglag Palge, Orgyan Chenpo, Bhasudhara, Nub Chen, Gyashang Trom, Nub Chung, Tsurton Rin-dor, Kushang Palden, Tsultrim Rinchen, Jangchub Gon, Namka?i Tsenchen, Rigdzin Tsultrim, Gyaton Bonpo, Drigungpa Ratna, Chogyal Puntsog, Chokyi Drag, Konchog Lhundrup, etc. (Tibetan source text page 9).

This image of Manjushri Yamari has a number of minor variations from the text translated above. Notably in the upper left hand he holds a vajra tipped staff rather than a vajra hook. Also, a small black consort stands at the left side and they both trample upon buffalo, human, naga and animal forms.

Jeff Watt 12-2000

Related Items
Publication: Dojo Bumzang - Images

Thematic Sets
Buddhist Deity: Yamari, Krishna
Buddhist Deity: Yamari, Krishna (Three Faces: Terma)
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Painting Gallery 2
Tradition: Nyingma Deity Paintings