Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Teacher (Lama) - Sachen Kunga Nyingpo

བླ་མ། 喇嘛
(item no. 60691)
Origin Location Central Tibet
Date Range 1500 - 1599
Lineages Sakya, Ngor (Sakya) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Catalogue # Property from a Private New York Collection
Painting School Ngor
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Person

Appearance: Lay Person

Gender: Male

TBRC: P1615

Interpretation / Description

Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158): the foremost Lama of the Sakya School, 3rd throne holder of Sakya. (See the Sachen Kunga Nyingpo Main Page).

Sa chen kun ga nying po Biographical Details

Surrounding the central figure of Sachen is the Dombi Heruka Hevajra Lineage. It begins at the top center with Vajradhara, blue in colour, and then alternates from figure to figure outward and then again alternates as the lineage descends the right and left registers. The lineage ends at the bottom right with Muchen Sanggye Rinchen (1450-1524), the 8th Abbot of Ngor Monastery.

To the upper left of Sachen is a Buddha figure, yellow in colour, that is not part of the Dombi Heruka Lineage. The Buddha is Suparakirtita Namashri and belongs to the group of Eight Medicine Buddhas. Another Buddha from the group, Ratnachandra, is depicted on the right side. Identification is made based on the Tibetan name inscriptions written below the figures. The preceding painting of Shangton Chobar [currently missing] will likely have the figures of Medicine Buddha and one other. The paintings of Sonam Tsemo and Dragpa Gyaltsen both have two each of the remaining eight Buddhas.

Numbered Image & Dombhi Heruka Hevajra Lineage:
1. Vajradhara (rdo rje 'chang)
2. Nairatmya (bdag med ma)
3. Virupa (birwa pa)
4. Acharya Dombi Heruka (slob dpon dom+bi he ru ka)
5. Alalavajra (a la la badzra)
6. Nagtropa (nags khrod pa)
7. Gandaharipa (gan+dha ri pa)
8. Jayashri Jnana (dza ya shri dza+nyA na)
9. Durjaya Chandra (slob dpon mi thub zla ba)
10. Bhikshu Viravajra (dge slong dpa' bo rdo rje)
11. Drogmi Lotsawa ('brog mi lo tsa ba)
12. Ngaripa Salwa'i Nyingpo (mnga' ris pa gsal ba'i snying po)
13. Khon Gyichub Dralhabar ('khon sgyi chub dgra lha 'bar)
14. Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (sa chen kun dga' snying po)
15. Lobpon Sonam Tsemo (slob dpon bsod nams rtse mo)
16. Jetsun Dragpa Gyaltsen (rje btsun grags pa rgyal mtshan)
17. Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen (sa paN kun dga' rgyal mtshan)
18. Rongpa Galo Namgyal Dorje (rong pa rga lo rnam rgyal rdo rje)
19. Dese Rongpa Sherab Sengge (de'i sras rong pa shes rab seng ge)
20. Zhang Dragjor Shab (zhang grags 'byor zhabs)
21. Lama Sonam Lhundrub (bla ma bsod nams lhun grub)
22. Lama Ngagwang Dragpa (bla ma ngag dbang grags pa)
23. Lachen Kunga Gyaltsen (bla chen kun dga' rgyal mtshan)
24. Ngorchen Kunga Zangpo (ngor chen kun dga' bzang po)
25. Kedrub Palden Dorje (mkhas grub dpal ldan rdo rje)
26. Raton Yontan Palzang (rwa ston yon tan dpal bzang)
27. Lowo Khenchen Sonam Lhundrub (glo bo mkhan chen bsod nams lhun grub)
28. Salo Kunga Sonam (sa lo kun dga' bsod nams)
29. Nyenchen Dragpa Lodro (gnyan chen grags pa blo gros)
30. Sharkangpa Sherab Gyaltsen (shar khang pa shes rab rgyal mtshan)
31. Muchen Namkha Palzang (mus chen nam mkha' dpal bzang)
32. Kedrub Palden Dondrub (mkhas grub dpal ldan don grub)
33. Sharchen Sherab Jungne (shar chen shes rab 'byung gnas) [Ludingpa]
34. Khenchen Lhundrub Palden (mkhan chen lhun grub dpal ldan
35. Khedrub Sanggye Puntsog (mkhas grub sangs rgyas phun tshogs)
36. Lama Tashi Wangchug (bla ma bkra shis dbang phyug)
37. Nub Lama Tashi Zangpo (nub bla ma bkra shis bzang po)
38. Khenchen Sanggye Yeshe (mkhan chen sangs rgyas ye shes)
39. Sachen Kunga Lodro (sa chen kun dga' blo gros)
40. Chime Tanpa'i Nyima [Female] ('chi med bstan pa'i nyi ma)
41. Jamgon Dorje Rinchen ('jam mgon rdo rje rin chen)
42. Jampa Kunga Tendzin (byams pa kun dga' bstan 'dzin)
43. Kunga Tenpa'i Gyaltsen (kun dga' bstan pa'i rgyal mtshan)
44. Ngagwang Sonam Gyaltsen (ngag dbang bsod nams rgyal mtshan)
45. Palden Lodro Gyaltsen (dpal ldan blo gros rgyal mtshan gnyis)
46. Loter Wangpo, 1847-1914 (blo gter dbang po)

Jeff Watt 12-2-12

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Tradition: Sakya Teachers
Subject: Lay Figure Appearance
Teacher: Sachen Kunga Nyingpo Main Page
Subject: Margapala/Lamdre Lineage [1] (Ngor set)
Subject: Masterworks (Persons, 人物)
Teacher: Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (Masterworks)
Teacher: Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (Masterworks)
Subject: Margapala Lineage [1] (Five Superiors)