Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva & Buddhist Deity) - Jinasagara (Ocean of Conquerors, Four Arms)

སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས། 观音菩萨
(item no. 83431)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Nyingma, Kadam, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Alternate Names: Lokeshvara Avalokita Lokanata Lokanatha Mahakarunika

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Peaceful

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Red Jinasagara Avalokiteshvara, Ocean of Conquerors (Tibetan: chen re zi gyal wa gya tso. Sanskrit: Avalokiteshvara Jinasagara) and White Sita Jambhala Riding a Dragon.

Jinasagara is a special meditational deity of the Karma Kagyu (Kamtsangpa) School, known as the Five Deity Jinasagara, originating from the 'Revealed Treasure' tradition of the Nyingma School. The main deity is (1) Jinasagara, (2) Hayagriva, (3) Guhya Jnana Dakini, (4) Padmasambhava and (5) Bernagchen Mahakala who is depicted at the bottom of the composition. There are many different forms of Jinasagara along with mandalas of varying size and numbers of retinue figures.

White Jambhala is a wealth deity who was introduced to Tibet by Jowo Atisha in the 11th century. Jambhala is wrathful in appearance with one face and two hands. He holds a staff in the right hand and a trident in the left. He rides atop a turquoise dragon.He is typically accompanied by four attendant dakinis. Yellow Ratna Dakini holds a jewel in the right hand and a vase in the left, dancing on the left leg. Blue Vajra Dakini holds a vajra in the right hand and a monk's begging bowl in the left. Red Padma Dakini holds a lotus in the right hand and a hook in the left. Green Vishva Dakini holdsa vishvavajra (double vajra) in the right hand and a wish-fulfilling jewel in the left.

At the top center Padmasambhava above Jinasagara Lokeshvara. To the left is Vajradhara Buddha with a consort and on the right is red Amitayus with a consort.

At the bottom center of the composition is the power goddess Kuruklla, red in colour, with four arms, standing in a dancing posture.

Jeff Watt 3-2016

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Buddhist Deity: Avalokiteshvara, Jinasagara (Rechung)