|Date Range||1400 - 1499|
|Lineages||Sakya and Buddhist|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Museum of Fine Arts, Boston|
|Catalogue #||acc.# 67.822, Gift of John Goelet|
Pancha Raksha with 56 Deities (English: the Five Protectresses) according to the tradition of the Indian mahasiddha Jetari. See a mandala representation.
Five Inner Mandala Deities: - Maha Pratisara - Maha Sahasrapramardini - Mahamayuri - Sitavati - Mantramanudharani
The goddess Pratisara is at the center, white in colour, with four faces and eight hands. Within the central square at the upper left corner is Mahamayuri, yellow in colour, with three faces and six hands. At the upper right side is Mantramanudharani, red in colour, with three faces and twelve arms. At the lower right is Sitavati, green in colour, with three faces and six arms. At the lower left side is Maha Sahasrapramardini, blue in colour, with four faces and eight arms.
Outer Mandala Deities: - Guardians of the Ten Directions - Nine Heavenly Bodies - Twenty-four Mansions - Four Guardian Kings
In the top register are the Five Symbolic Buddhas: white Vairochana, yellow Ratnasambhava, blue Akshobhya, red Amitabha and gree Amoghasiddhi. In the lower register are the Guardians of the Ten Directions, Brahma, Indra, Yama, Varuna, etc. Each of those rides on a different animal or mythical mount. In the register partially above and along the sides are the Nine Heavenly Bodies and the Twenty-four Mansions 9stars and constellations). At the bottom right and left sides are the the Four Guardian Kings.
At the mid level of the composition, to the right and left of Pratisara, on the left side is Ushnishavijaya, white, with three faces and eight arms. On the right side is Tara, white in colour, with one face and two hands. These two female long life deities are not part of the Pratisara mandala configuration and are included by the choice of the artist or commissioner of the painting.
Lineage: The Complete Buddha, Vajrapani, Jetari, Vajrasana the Greater, [Vajrasana] the Younger Amoghavajra, Bari Lotsawa Rinchen Drag, Sakyapa Chenpo Kunga Nyingpo, [etc.]. The lineage continues down through the Sakya tradition. There are a number of other alternate lineages that all stem from Bari Lotsawa or later Sakya teachers.
Jeff Watt 4-2001 [updated 12-2020]