'Mar Tri' Traditions | Avalokiteshvara Home Page | Outline Page
There are many different sacred Buddhist traditions that depict the various forms of Avalokiteshvara. Most of these traditions only have an initiation ritual and at best a very short daily ritual practice. Preserved in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition there are seven principal traditions that contain extensive teachings on the practice of Avalokiteshvara.
 King's Tradition (gyal lug, nam kha gyl po) of Tri Songtsen Gampo,
 Bhikshuni Shri Tradition (gelongma palmo lug) of the Kashmiri nun, Gelongma Palmo [top right corner],
 Kyergangpa Tradition (gyergang lug) of the Shangpa Kagyu School,
 Tsembupa Tradition (tsembupa lug) of the Sakya & Jonang Traditions,
 Dagyal Tradition (dagyal lug) of the Nyingma Treasure (terma) tradition,
 Maitri Yogin
 Karma Chagme Tradition (karma chagme lug) joining the philosophical systems of mahamudra and dzogchen with compassion.
- “The Tibetan Avalokitesvara Cult in the Tenth Century: Evidence from the Dunhuang Manuscripts,” in Tibetan Buddhist Literature and Praxis (Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the IATS, 2003, Volume 4), ed. Ronald M. Davidson and Christian Wedemeyer (Leiden: Brill, 2006): 55-72.
- Remarks on the Mani bKa'-'bum and the Cult of Avalokiteshvara in Tibet by Matthew Kapstein, pages 79-93.Tibetan Buddhism, Reason and Revelation edited by Steven D. Goodman and Ronald M. Davidson. SUNY, 1992. #5.
- The Thousand-armed Avalokiteshvara by Lokesh Chandra. Abhinav Publications, 1988.
"The Origin of Avalokitesvara" (PDF). Lokesh Chandra. Indologica Taurinenaia (International Association of Sanskrit Studies). XIII (1985-1986): 189–190.
- The Clear Mirror: A traditional account of Tibet's Golden Age. Sakyapa Sonam Gyaltsen (1996). Snow Lion Publications. pp. 64–65.
- The Blue Annals by George N. Roerich. Motilal Banarsidass, 1976. (First edition 1949). Page 1043.
Jeff Watt 2-2007