Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Kalika Description (below)
- Tibetan Iconography
- Chinese Iconography
--- Yongle Style
- Arhats Main Page
Tibetan: Neten Duden (gnas brtan dus ldan)
Kalika, the Elder (Tibetan: du den, dra chen dzin, Sanskrit: Sthavira Kalika): the 4th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats.
"On the good continent of Jambudvipa is the noble elder Kalika, surrounded by 1,100 arhats; homage to the One holding gold earrings." (Sakya liturgical text).
The Sixteen Great Arhats are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the buddha Shakyamuni, the 16 arhats, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.
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Jeff Watt 5-99 [updated 8-2017, 1-2020]