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- Pantaka Description (below)
- Tibetan Iconography
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Tibetan: Neten Lamten (gnas brtan lam bstan)
Pantaka, the Elder (Tibetan: ne ten, lam ten, Sanskrit: Sthavira Pantaka): the 13th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats, principal students of the buddha Shakyamuni.
"In the Heavens of the Thirty-three is the noble elder Pantaka, surrounded by 900 arhats; homage to the One [performing] Dharma explication and holding a book." (Sakya liturgical text).
The Sixteen Great Arhats are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the buddha Shakyamuni, the 16 arhats, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.
Jeff Watt 5-99 [updated 8-2017]