|Date Range||1800 - 1899|
|Lineages||Sakya and Buddhist|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
Panjarnata Mahakala (Tibetan: gur gyi gon po, English: the Great Black One, Lord of the Pavilion).
"The great Vajra Mahakala blazes, with one face, two hands, holding in the right a curved knife and in the left a skullcup filled with blood held above and below the heart. Held across the middle of the two forearms is the 'Gandhi of Emanation.' With three eyes, bared fangs, yellow hair flowing upward, [he has] a crown of five dry human skulls and a necklace of fifty wet - blood dripping. Adorned with six bone ornaments and snakes, having a lower garment of tiger skin, flowing with pendants and streamers of various silks, in a posture dwarfish and thick [he] stands above a corpse." (Konchog Lhundrub 1497-1557).
The animal figures surrounding Panjarnata are symbolic of the messengers of the deity. The small figures of a black man, black woman, warrior, and a mantradharin are regarded as the outer retinue of Panjarnata Mahakala and each of the four represents a thousand-fold figures. The warrior and the black man are on the left side of the lotus seat of Panjarnata. The black woman and mantradharin are on the right side and the a fifth figure of a monk is located at the bottom right.
Panjaranata Mahakala is the protector for the Hevajra cycle of Tantras. The iconography and rituals are found in the 18th chapter of the Vajra Panjara Tantra (canopy, or pavilion), an exclusive 'explanatory tantra' to the Hevajra Tantra itself.
At the bottom left is the seated figure of Ekajati. On the right side is Shri Devi. The five figures along the bottom are the 'Putra Mising Nga' - the inner retinue of Panjarnata - Kala Rakshasa, Kala Rakshasi, Putra, Bhatra and Singmo.
Lineage: Vajradhara, Vajrapanjara Dakini, Brahmin Vararuchi, Pandita Deva Vajra, Shraddha Karavarma, Lochen Rinchen Zangpo, Drag Tengpa Yontan Tsultrim, Mal Lotsawa Lodro Drag, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158), etc.
Jeff Watt 4-2012
1. Sachen Kunga Nyingpo
2. Sonam Tsemo
3. Dragpa Gyaltsen
4. Sakya Pandita
5. Chogyal Pagpa
10. Shri Devi
11. Kala Rakshasa
12. Kala Rakshasi