Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Manjushri (Bodhisattva & Buddhist Deity) - White (Siddhaikavira)

འཇམ་དཔལ་དབྱངས། 文殊师利菩萨
(item no. 15268)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Gelug and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Shechen Archives - photographs
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Peaceful

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Manjushri, Sita (Tibetan: jam pal kar po. English: the White One of Glorious Melodious Speech), the bodhisattva of wisdom as a meditational deity, from the Siddhaikavira Mahatantraraja [Toh 544]. Although there are a number of different forms of Manjushri that have a white appearance generally when referring to a white Manjushri it refers to either the popular Siddhaikavira or the Arapachana - not to be confused with the orange Arapachana.

At the top center is Jampal Gyatso, the 8th Dalai Lama (1758-1804). At the left is Padmasambhava and the wisdom goddess Vina Sarasvati on the right. At the bottom left is Green Tara and the wealth deity Yellow Vasudhara on the right.

The Siddhaikavira (Solitary Hero) Tantra was first translated into Tibetan in the 11th century at the time of Lord Atisha and is classified as a Kriya or Charya Tantra. It describes numerous forms of Manjushri along with a host of other deities both peaceful and wrathful: Sarasvati, Jambhala, Vasudhara, Achala, etc.

Jeff Watt 1-2014

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Tradition: Gelug Deity Paintings
Tradition: Nyingma Deity Paintings
Buddhist Deity: Manjushri Main Page
Subject: Wisdom Deities Main Page
Buddhist Deity: Manjushri, White, Main Page
Collection of Shechen Archives: Gallery I