Himalayan Art Resources

Buddhist Deity: Manjushri, White, Main Page

White Manjushri Masterworks

Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Description (below)
--- General Overview
--- Most Common/Popular (Siddhaikavira)
--- Other Iconographic Forms
- Manjushri Main Page
- Confusions: White Tara, Prajnaparamita, Lokeshvara
- Others...

- White Manjushri
- A Manjushri Painting: HAR 77059
- Three Popular Forms
- All Manjushri Videos

Iconographic Forms:
- White Arapachana (Bari Gyatsa)
- Dharmadhatu Vagishvara (Bari Gyatsa)
- Manjushri Prajna Chakra (Bari Gyatsa)
- Siddhaikavira (Bari Gyatsa & Mati Tradition)
- Vidhyadhara Pitaka Samkshepta (Bari Gyatsa)
- With Sword & Book
- Manjushri Five Deity (Charya Tantra - Siddhaikavira)
- Wutaishan, Five Manjushri of
- Others...

Sanskrit: Manjushri Tibetan: Jam pal yang

Manjushri, Sita (Tibetan: jam pal kar po. English: the White One of Glorious Melodious Speech). There are a few examples of Manjushri forms that are distinguished from others simply by the name White Manjushri. Primarily this refers to several different traditions of a single faced two armed, peaceful, seated figure. This form can either have the simple attribute of a book resting on an utpala over the left shoulder or in another tradition both a sword and book over the two shoulders. Other types of Manjushri can be white in colour with multiple faces and arms, or riding a lion.

There are a number of different tantras that describe a white coloured Manjushri. An early tantra is the Siddhaikavira (Solitary Hero) that was first translated into Tibetan in the 11th century at the time of Lord Atisha and is classified as either a Kriya or Charya Tantra depending on the Tibetan religious tradition. It describes numerous forms of Manjushri along with a host of other deities both peaceful and wrathful: Sarasvati, Jambhala, Vasudhara, Achala, etc.

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Jeff Watt 9-2002 [updated 3-2017, 9-2017]