Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Sipai Gyalmo (Bon Protector) - 100 Faces, 1000 Hands (ugya chagtong)

སྲིད་པའི་རྒྱལ་མོ། བོན་གྱི་སྲུང་མ། 斯贝加母(苯教护法)
(item no. 18800)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Bon
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Hahn Cultural Foundation
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Wrathful

Gender: Female

Interpretation / Description

Ugya Chagtong, Sipai Gyalmo (English: Queen of the World, Having a Thousand Heads and a Thousand Hands): principal female protector deity in the Bon Religion. The central figure is primarily surrounded by various forms of Sipa'i Gyalmo.

Above the heads of Ugya Chagtong are the Enlightened Ones of the Three Times: Togyal Yekhyen on the left, Tonpa Shenrab in the center, and Tangma Medron on the right. The three times are the past, present and future.

The figures on the lower left side are the Three Sentinel Ladies, Guardians of the World: Karmo Tsedag on the right, Mugmo Wangchug at the center, and Nagmo Kundrol on the left. They are known as the White Lady of Longevity, the Purple Lady of Power and the Black Lady who Liberated all Beings. They are mounted atop a bird, kyang and a khyung.

The figures at the lower right are the Four Magical Menmo, blue, red, green and white: Namchi Gonggyal at the upper left, Yichi Gungsang below, Choma Yesang at the upper right, Nammen Karmo below. They are the Menmo of Magic in the Expanse of Primordial Wisdom, Menmo of the Natural Sky, Menmo of the Magical Space, and Emanated Menmo of Cause and Effect - the White Menmo of the sky. They ride atop a dragon, khyung, snow lion and a ram.

At the bottom of the composition are the Four Guardians of the Directions.

Jeff Watt 1-2024

Related Items
Thematic Sets
Subject: Universal Deities (Appearance)
Bon Deity: Sipai Gyalmo Main Page
Bon Deity: Sipai Gyalmo, Ugya Chagtong
Collection of Hahn Cultural Foundation (Vol. VII)
Bon Deity: Sipai Gyalmo, Ugya Chagtong (Iconographic Anomolies)