|Date Range||1800 - 1899|
|Lineages||Gelug and Buddhist|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
Tsongkapa, Lobzang Dragpa (1357-1419): founder of the Gelugpa Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. (See the Five Forms Main Page).
The Five forms of Tsongkapa (je zigpa ngaden) are based on the visions of Kedrub Geleg Pal Zangpo (1385-1438) after the death of his teacher, Tsongkapa. The Five Forms are either depicted in one painted composition showing all five forms of Tsongkapa or they are depicted each in their own painted composition making a set of five paintings in total. These forms are commonly seen as minor figures at the top of other compositions such as depictions of Wutaishan Mountain in China, special for Manjushri, and Gelug paintings of all types.
1. Tsongkapa as a Monk Riding an Elephant
2. Seated on a throne supported by Gods & Goddesses
3. Appearing as Manjushri Riding a Lion
4. Appearing as a Mahasiddha Riding a Lion
5. Appearing as a Monk with a Pandita Hat (standard form)
"From the heart of the Lord of the hundred gods of Tushita, on the peak of a cloud, bright white like a mound of fresh yogurt, Lord of Dharma, Omniscient Lobzang Dragpa, together with sons; please come here." (Gelugpa liturgical verse).
Jeff Watt 1-2014
Front of Painting
English Translation of Inscription: [name and number inscriptions]