|Date Range||1600 - 1699|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment, Fine Gold Line on Cotton|
|Collection||Shelley & Donald Rubin|
|Catalogue #||acc.# P1996.9.6|
Pindola Bharadvaja, the Elder (Tibetan: ne ten, bha ra dva ja so nyom len, Sanskrit: Sthavira Pindola Bharadvaja): the 12th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats, principal students of the buddha Shakyamuni.
"On the Eastern [continent] of Purva-Videha is the noble elder Pindola Bharadvaja, surrounded by 1,100 arhats; homage to the One holding a book and begging bowl." (Sakya liturgical text).
The Sixteen Great Arhats are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the buddha Shakyamuni, the 16 arhats, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.
Jeff Watt 10-2000
Front of Painting
Wylie Transliteration of Inscription: ba ra dhva tsha bsod snyoms len.