Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Shri Devi (Buddhist Protector) - Magzor Gyalmo

དཔལ་ལྡན་ལྷ་མོ། 吉祥天母(佛教护法)
(item no. 390)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Sakya and Buddhist
Size 48.90x34.29cm (19.25x13.50in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment, Black Background on Cotton
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Catalogue # acc.# F1997.30.6
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Wrathful

Gender: Female

TBRC: W19221

Interpretation / Description

Magzor Gyalmo (Tibetan: Magzor Gyalmo. English: Queen of the Weapon Army).

Tibetan: Magzor Gyalmo

With one face and two hands, she holds aloft a vajra stick in the right hand and a skullcup in the left held to the heart. Above the head is a peacock canopy. She rides a mule; standing in the middle of an ocean of blood. At the lower right and left are two attendants, both with the heads of mythical animals.

At the top center is a wrathful deity in a sphere. Although effaced it is likely to be either Vajrabhairava or Yamari. Gelugpa teachers sit at the sides. Nine attendant deities surround the central deity.

This subject, often commonly ascribed as Shri Devi (who has four hands), is in fact the main attendant to Shri Devi and they are two different deities with different histories and personalities. 'The Queen of the Weapon Army' is the wrathful aspect of the very peaceful goddess Sarasvati (Yang Chenma).

She is always a protector and is also used for divination rituals. Most Tibetan Schools have some form of this deity. It is commonly found on Gelugpa and Sakya paintings. This practice was adopted early on as the special protector for the Dalai Lamas and the Namgyal College of the Tse Potala Palace.

The method of painting is called 'nag thang,' gold outline on a black background.

Jeff Watt 4-98

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Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Painting Gallery 2
Painting Type: Black Ground Main Page
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Buddhist Protectors: Enlightened (Female)
Buddhist Protector: Shri Devi, Magzor Gyalmo Main Page
Buddhist Protector: Shri Devi, Magzor Gyalmo (Rubin Museum)
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