Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Teacher (Lama) - Panchen Lama 1 (4), Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen

བླ་མ། 喇嘛
(item no. 477)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1700 - 1799
Lineages Gelug and Buddhist
Size 68.58x39.37cm (27x15.50in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment, Fine Gold Line on Cotton
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Catalogue # acc.# F1996.21.2
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Person

Appearance: Monastic

Gender: Male

TBRC: bdr:P719

Interpretation / Description

Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen: the First Panchen Lama (1570-1662) and tutor to the Great Fifth Dalai Lama.

With a wizened face betraying the years he wears the patched orange robes of a fully ordained monk and a yellow monk's cap. The right hand upraised performs the mudra of explication of the Teaching and the left holds a book close to the heart. Seated with a meditation cloak wrapped about the legs he rests on several layers of ornate cushions in front of an elaborate backrest of silk brocades.

At the top left is the long-life Chakrasamvara, white in colour, with one face and two hands holding a long-life vase in each crossed at the heart embracing the consort red Vajrayogini. In vajra posture they are seated on a lotus blossom amongst trails of spreading pink clouds. To the right the root guru Khedrup Sanggye Yeshe is seated on a bed of lotus leaves, wearing monastic robes and a yellow pandita hat. The right hand performs the earth-witness mudra and the left is placed in the lap in the mudra of meditation.

At the middle right, dwelling inside a rainbow sphere, is the bodhisattva Maitreya, orange in colour, holding the stem of a lotus with the left hand - the blossom supporting a gold water flask. An inquisitive mahasiddha and a reverential monk are seated to the front.

At the bottom left is the deity of wealth and guardian of the northern direction, Vaishravana, yellow in colour, holding aloft a victory banner in the right hand and a mongoose in the lap with the left; seated on a white snow lion with a green mane. To the right is the wrathful protector Begtse Chen, red, with one face and two hands holding an upraised sword in the right hand and a heart and spear in the left; clothed in the garb of a warrior.

The Panchen Lama line of incarnation (tulku) was started by the Fifth Dalai Lama in 1667. Regarded as emanations of Amitabha their principal seat of power is the Tashi Lhunpo monastery of Southern Tibet.

Jeff Watt 10-98

Front of Painting
Wylie Transliteration of Inscription: mkhas grub chen po sangs rgyas ye shes zhabs. Legs (?) he ru ka yis byin rlabs shing. Nams 'bros sras kyi 'phrin las tshul bzhin du. Bsgab mdzad blo bzangchos kyi rgyal mtshan zhab.

Reverse of Painting
English Translation of Inscription: Right six.

Special Features: (Printed script (Uchen), includes "Om Ah Hum" inscription)

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Tradition: Gelug Teachers (Paintings)
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Painting Gallery 2
Incarnation Lineage: Panchen Lama (Masterworks)
Subject: Hats (Gelug)
Incarnation Lineage: Panchen Lama Main Page
Tradition: Gelug Tradition Main Page
Teacher: Panchen Lama 1 (4), Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen
Incarnation Lineage: Panchen Lama (Nartang Style Composition)
Collection of RMA: Persons Masterworks
Teacher: Panchen Lama 1 (4), (Nartang Composition)
Teacher: Panchen Lama 1 (4) (Masterworks)
Incarnation Lineage: Panchen Lama Art History