Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Mandala of Chakrasamvara (Buddhist Deity) - (Ghantapada Tradition)

འཁོར་ལོ་བདེ་མཆོག། ནང་ལྷ། 勝樂金剛 (全图)
(item no. 58201)
Origin Location India
Date Range 1960 -
Lineages Sakya and Buddhist
Material Ground: Paper
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Semi-Peaceful

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Chakrasamvara with Five Deities according to the tradition of Ghantapa. Although referred to as a five deity mandala there are actually six figures with the two central embracing deities counted as one. The Chakrasamvara figure of the Ghantapada Tradition is identical to the form of Chakrasamvara as represented in the famous Sixty-two Deity Mandala of the Mahasiddha Luipa Tradition.

At the center is Chakrasamvara with four faces and twelve hands, embracing Vajrayogini. In front to the East (below) is blue Dakini, left (South) is yellow Rupini, top (West) red Khandarohe and right (North) is green Lama. In some texts the four attendant dakinis are said to have two hands holding a curved knife and skullcup. In other texts they are described as having four hands and holding a curved knife and skullcup along with a damaru and katvanga staff. However it is generally stated in the Tibetan commentaries that in the Luipa tradition the four dakinis have four arms and in the Ghantapa tradition they have two arms. In the four intermediate directions are four vases topped with a skullcup.

The significant iconographic feature of the form of Chakrasamvara is the consort embracing the body with both legs raised and wrapped about the torso. Another characteristic are the four faces. The central face is blue with the proper right face yellow, left face green and the back face is red. This configuration of faces is different from the Krishnacharin system of Chakrasamvara where the faces are blue for the main, white for the proper right, red for the proper left and yellow at the back.

Jeff Watt 5-2011

Related Items
Publication: Tibetan Mandalas of the Tantra-Samuccaya

Thematic Sets
Subject: Tantra Set, Wisdom (Ultimate Union)
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara (Ghantapa Tradition)
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara Mandala