Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Miscellaneous

པར་ཤིང་སྣང་བརྙན། སྣ་ཚོགས། 版画 (多种)
(item no. 59661)
Date Range 1960 -
Lineages Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Object/Concept

Interpretation / Description

Meditation Instructions for Calm Abiding (Shamatha) in the form of a painting with accompanying instructions. The idea of relating the mind to an unruly elephant along with the monkey and other elements in the visual example of Calm Abiding meditation originates in the writings of Asanga and then later in the meditation commentaries of Je Tsongkapa. It is thought that the artistic depiction of the practice is relatively late and possibly first arose in the 19th century as a wall mural. The image above is of a poster published in India in the early 1970s. An original Tibetan version of the painting has not yet been located. (See a black and white line drawing of the same image).

Key Elements:
- The monk holding an elephant goad and a lasso is the individual.
- The flame represents effort.
- The elephant represents the mind.
- Black elephant colour - the mental factor of sinking - lethargy.
- The monkey is distraction.
- Black monkey colour - the mental factor of scattering.
- The Five Objects of Sensory Pleasure are the object of distraction.
- The rabbit represents subtle sinking - lethargy.

Jeff Watt 8-2011

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Subject: Didactic Art Main Page
Subject: Meditation Instructions
Glossary: Abstract Concepts in Art
Subject: Mahamudra Page
Subject: Diagrammatic Art Main Page