Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Chitipati/Shri Shmashana Adhipati (protector)

དུར་ཁྲོད་བདག་པོའི་ཡབ་ཡུམ། སྲུང་མ། 双身尸陀林主 (佛教 护法)
(item no. 65149)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1700 - 1799
Lineages Gelug
Size 15.88cm (6.25in) high
Material Terracotta
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Catalogue # acc. #C2002.36.1
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

Shri Shmashana Adhipati (Tibetan: pal dur tro dag po yab yum. English: the Glorious Lords of the Charnel Ground, Father and Mother). Also referred to as Chitipati.

Sanskrit: Chitipati Tibetan: Dur tro dag po

Shri Adhipati arises from the Secret Essence Wheel Tantra and is associated with the Chakrasamvara Cycle of Tantras (Anuttarayoga Tantra). Primarily employed as a wealth practice, with emphasis on protecting from thieves, they also serve as the special protector for the Vajrayogini 'Naro Khechari' practice. Shri Chitipati is now common, to a greater or lesser extent, in all the Sarma Schools.

Lineage: Vajradhara, Vajrayogini, Mahasiddha Padmavajra, Lilavajra, Jnana Siddhi, Shri Samayavajra, Chime Lodro Zangpo, Ngulchu Vairochana, Khampa Gvalo Shonnu Pal, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158), etc.

Jeff Watt 5-2003

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Buddhist Protectors: Enlightened
Buddhist Protector: Shmashana Adhipati Art History
Buddhist Protector: Shmashana Adhipati (Chitipati)
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Sculpture (Gallery 1)
Tradition: Gelug, Enlightened Protectors
Buddhist Protector: Shmashana Adhipati (Gelug)