|Date Range||1800 - 1899|
|Lineages||Nyingma and Buddhist|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
Ushnishajvala (Tib.: tsug tor bar wa): This is not a typical depiction of the deity and is likely a Nyingma Terma (Revealed Treasure) Tradition version of the Indian Buddhist deity. Note the black scorpion in the left hand; characteristic of the inner form of Padmasambhava - Guru Dragpo.
"Ushnishjvala is red with one face and two hands. The right holds a sword and left a wrathful pointed gesture [together with] a spinning blazing sky metal wheel with eight spokes; three eyes, bared fangs and a curled tongue. The orange hair, moustache and beard flow upward and the body is adorned with jewels and the eight great nagas; wearing a lower garment of tiger skin; standing with the right leg bent and the left straight."
Ushnishajvala arises from the Manjushri Mula Tantra and descends through a teaching line that includes Abhayakaragupta, Kache Pandita, Buddhashri Jnana and Ananda Gupta.
Jeff Watt 1-2008