Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Simhamukha (Buddhist Deity)

སེང་གདོང་མ། ནང་ལྷ། 狮面空行佛母(佛教本尊)
(item no. 77970)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1960 -
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Paper
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

Simhamukha, Dakini (Tibetan: seng ge dong chen kha dro ma. English: the Dakini Having a Lion Face) from the tradition of Bari Lotsawa Rinchen Drag.

Typically appearing with a body dark blue in colour, she has one face - that of a white lion, three red round eyes blazing fiercely with a gaping mouth, a beard, eyebrows and hair flowing upward. The right hand holds aloft a curved knife to the sky, left a skullcup of blood to the heart, carrying a khatvanga staff tipped with a trident in the bend of the elbow. Adorned with a tiara of five skulls, bone ornaments, she wears a tiger skin skirt. She stands with the right leg drawn up in a mood of great fierceness.

The dakini Simhamukha is a tutelary deity arising out of the Chakrasamvara cycle of Tantras and belongs to the Anuttarayoga 'wisdom' classification. The Sarma tradition Simhamukha is unrelated to the deity of the same name and appearance in the Nyingma 'terma' (treasure) traditions. In the Terma tradition, of the many forms of Padmasambhava, Simhamukha is a secret form of Guru Rinpoche.

Gelugpa Lineage: Vajradhara, Dakini Simhamukha, Vajrasana, Bari Lotsawa Rinchen Drag, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158) and the five Holy Superiors of Sakya, Rongpa Dorje Gyaltsen, Sanggye Yeshe, Yak De Panchen, Gyalwa Tsongkapa (1357-1419), etc.

Jeff Watt 6-1998

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Buddhist Deity: Simhamukha Yantra Diagrams
Buddhist Deity: Simhamukha Main Page
Blockprints: Miscellaneous Set I
Charts: Yantra Diagrams Main Page
Buddhist Deity: Simhamukha (Block Prints)
Charts: Deity Yantra