|Date Range||1600 - 1699|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||The Brooklyn Museum of Art|
|Catalogue #||acc. #BMA 1993.192.7, Gift of Rosemarie and Leighton Longhi|
Pantaka, the Elder (Tibetan: ne ten, lam ten. Sanskrit: Sthavira Pantaka): the 13th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats, principal students of the Buddha Shakyamuni.
"In the Heavens of the Thirty-three is the noble elder Pantaka, surrounded by 900 arhats; homage to the One [performing] Dharma explication and holding a book." (Sakya liturgical text).
The Sixteen Great Arhats are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the Buddha Shakyamuni accompanied by the 2 foremost disciples, the 16 arhats, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.
Jeff Watt 3-2002