Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Arhat/Sthavira (Buddhist Elder)

གནས་བརྟན། 罗汉
(item no. 90313)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Uncertain
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Robert and Lois Baylis
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Person

Interpretation / Description

Arhats: from the group of 16 Great Arhats the principal students of the Buddha Shakyamuni.

At the top, from the left, is Chudapantaka with the hands in meditation, Pindola Bharadvaja holding a begging bowl, Nagasena holding a staff and vase, Gopaka holding a book, Pantaka holding a book and performing the mudra of explication and finally Abheda holding a stupa.

At the bottom center is the attendant Dharmatala with a canopy above the head. At the left side is the Guardian King Virupaksha and to the right is Vaishravana.

The Sixteen Great Arhats are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the Buddha Shakyamuni, the 16 arhats, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka. (See painting #90313 from the same set).

Jeff Watt 4-2000

Related Items
Collection: Christie's, New York (Painting. March, 2019)

Thematic Sets
Arhat: Abheda Main Page/Sthavira
Arhat/Sthavira: Chudapantaka Main Page
Arhat/Sthavira: Gopaka Main Page
Arhat/Sthavira: Nagasena Main Page
Arhat/Sthavira: Pantaka Main Page
Arhat/Sthavira: Pindola Bharadvaja Main Page
Painting Set: Arhat Set XXI
Collection of Robert & Lois Baylis
Painting Set: Arhats: Multiple Main Figures