Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Vajrayogini (Buddhist Deity) - Krodha Kali (Wrathful Black Varahi)

རྡོ་རྗེ་རྣལ་འབྱོར་མ། སྣང་བརྙན་ཡོངས། 金刚瑜伽佛母(全图)
(item no. 90713)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1800 - 1899
Lineages Gelug
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Tibet House, New York
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Semi-Peaceful

Gender: Female

Interpretation / Description

Troma Nagmo (Sanskrit: Krishna Krodhini. English: the Fierce Black One), a wrathful form of Vajravarahi, with a retinue of Four Dakinis.

"...Bhagavani [Krodha Kali] with a great radiance at the time of darkness, fierce and raging. The main face is wrathful, the very pure relative truth, and the upper face of a pig is the pure ultimate truth, gazing upward; [both] having three round red eyes. The right hand holds a curved knife upraised and the left a skullcup of blood [held] to the heart. In the bend of the left elbow, as the nature of method, appears a katvanga staff. Wearing an elephant hide as an upper garment and a tiger skin as a lower garment; adorned with snakes and bones. Dark yellow hair bristles upward, the remainder falling loose. With a crown of five dry human skulls, a necklace of fifty fresh. The left leg is extended in a half dance posture pressing on the heart of a human corpse. Appearing youthful and dwelling in the middle of a blazing mass of fire." (Terdag Lingpa Gyurme Dorje (1646-1714) and Min-ling Lochen Dharmashri 1654-1718).

Blue-black in colour with one face and two hands, she holds a curved knife upraised and a skullcup to the heart. A katvanga staff rests against the shoulder. Standing in a dancing posture on the left leg she is surrounded by the flames of pristine awareness. Four dakinis, yellow, red, green and white, identical in appearance, stand at the sides.

At the top center is Amitabha, the budhha of light, red in colour. Two Gelugpa lamas with yellow pandita hats sit at the sides. At the bottom center is the powerful tutelary deity red Hayagriva, at the left the protectors Chitipati, and on the right the worldly protector deity Tsi'u Marpo, red of colour, dressed as a warrior, riding a horse. Three skullcup offering bowls are presented in the foreground.

Jeff Watt 2-2000

Related Items
Thematic Sets
Collection of Tibet House: New York (Repatriation)
Tradition: Gelug Deity Paintings
Buddhist Deity: Vajrayogini Main Page
Buddhist Deity: Vajrayogini, Krodha Kali