- Art History
- Religious Context
Vajrayogini is the principal female deity of the Chakrasamvara Cycle of Tantras. There are many different forms of the deity with each having a unique name and appearance. Some names are descriptive such as Krodha Kali meaning 'black wrathful' yogini and others refer to the lineage or principal Indian mahasiddha associated with a particular Yogini practice. The most common forms found in art are the Naropa (Naro Khacho) form, Vajravarahi (with the pig face at the side), Vajrayogini in a dancing posture, Krodha Kali (the black form) and Dechen Gyalmo (of the Longchen Nyingtig). Other names refer to the Indian or Tibetan lineage associated with a particular Yogini form and practice. The terms 'dakini' and 'vajra dakini' are often used with reference to Vajrayogini.
Sanskrit: Vajrayogini Tibetan: dor je nal jor ma
There are many other forms of the deity besides those mentioned above but those numerous other forms are not as commonly found in art as a central subject or sculpture. Besides the painted and sculptural representations there are also many different mandala configurations for the various forms.
There are many other forms of the deity besides those mentioned above but the others are not found as common in art as a central subject or sculpture. There are also many different mandala configurations for the various forms of Vajrayogini.
Vajrayogini, the 'Khechari of Naropa' (Tibetan: dor je nal jor ma, na ro kha cho ma). Belonging to the Chakrasamvara collection of Tantras and one of the five principal tantric practices of the Sakya School. Bibliographic reference: Laghusamvara Nama.
Vajrayogini, is a representation of complete buddhahood in female form. Classified as Wisdom or 'Mother' Anuttarayoga Tantra the practices originate with the Chakrasamvara Cycle of Tantras. Although found in a variety of forms, she is common to all schools of Tibetan Buddhism. In this particular form she is a special teaching passed down from the lineage of the Indian mahasiddha Naropa through to the Sakya School. This form is also popular within the Gelug Tradition.
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Jeff Watt 3-2003 [updated 3-2017, 9-2019, 12-2019]