Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Arhat/Sthavira (Buddhist Elder) - 16 Elders: Kalika

གནས་བརྟན། 罗汉
(item no. 99143)
Origin Location China
Date Range 1400 - 1499
Lineages Buddhist
Size 78x50cm (30.71x19.69in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Silk
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Person

Appearance: Arhat

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Kalika, the Elder (Tibetan: du den, dra chen dzin. Sanskrit: Sthavira Kalika): the 4th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats.

"On the good continent of Jambudvipa is the noble elder Kalika, surrounded by 1,100 arhats; homage to the One holding gold earrings." (Sakya liturgical text).

The Sixteen Great Arhats are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the buddha Shakyamuni, the 16 arhats, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.

Jeff Watt 5-99

Related Items
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Arhat/Sthavira: Kalika Masterworks
Painting Set: Arhat/Sthavira (Yongle Style 1)
Arhat/Sthavira: Kalika Main Page