Himalayan Art Resources

Buddhist Protector: Yama Dharmaraja, Outer

Yama Dharmaraja Iconography

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- Yama Dharmaraja
- Yama, Yamantaka, Yamari & Vajrabhairava
- Yamari Cycle of Tantras

Yama Dharmaraja Profile:-
Identity: Manjushri emanation
Tantra Class: Anuttarayoga, Method Tantra
Source Text: Vajrabhairava Tantra
Function/activity: Protector Deity
Metaphor: Death

Special Characteristics:-
Appearance: Wrathful with a Buffalo head
Colour: Black/dark blue
Attributes: bone stick & lasso
Consort: Chamunda
Mount: Buffalo

Yama Dharmaraja is a Tantric Buddhist - wisdom deity -
protector of the Method Class (father) of Anuttaryoga Tantra specifically used by those engaged in the practices of the Vajrabhairava Tantra. This practice is found in all of the Sarma Schools (Sakya, Kagyu, Gelug, etc.) however the Gelugpa Tradition hold Yama Dharmaraja in a special regard as one of their three main religious protectors along with the Shadbhuja form of Mahakala and Vaishravana.

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Jeff Watt [updated 8-2017]