Himalayan Art Resources

Padmasambhava: Eight Forms (Main Page)

Padmasambhava: Eight Forms | Padmasambhava Main Page

Eight Manifestations of Padmasambhava:
- Orgyan Dorje Chang
- Shakya Sengge
- Nyima Oser
- Pema Jungne
- Loden Chogse
- Pema Gyalpo
- Sengge Dradog
- Dorje Drolo

Subjects, Topics & Sets:
- Eight Forms Outline
- Eight Forms (Single Composition)
- Eight Forms & Life Story (Single Composition)
- Dege Block Prints (Complete)
- Pairs Set (Complete)
- Prajnaparamita Set (Complete)
- Rajas Collection
- Tibet House Set (Complete)
- Dorje Drag Set, HAR #260, #261
- Block Print Set, HAR #317, #527, #875, #876, #90712
- Lhatog Set, HAR #297, #904
- Khyenri Style Set, HAR #675
- Peling Set, HAR #528
- Bhutan Set, HAR #12
- Kham Style Set 1, HAR #65094
- Kham Style Set 2, HAR #633
- Others...

Tibetan: Guru Tsangye (gu ru mtshan brgyad). The eight special forms representing eight different time periods and locations in the life story of Padmasambhava.

In painted compositions when depicting all eight forms together, and leaving out life story details, the eight are arranged in a standard Buddhist hierarchy with Pema Jungne, Nyima Ozer and Shakya Sengge in the upper composition (buddha, pandita, mahasiddha). The two Kings, Pema Gyalpo and Loden Chogse, are located in the middle of the composition. The two remaining forms, both wrathful, Sengge Dradog and Dorje Drolo, are placed at the bottom of the composition. This hierarchical arrangement stands outside of any relationship to the meaning of each of the eight forms and the chronology of the life story of Padmasambhava. (See an example of the Life Story and Eight Forms of Padmasambhava integrated chronologically).

Jeff Watt [updated 8-2013, 6-2017]