- Art History
- Religious Context
Vairochana Buddha can best be understood in three different ways: as the  principal character in a number of Buddhist sutras,  a meditational deity used in ritual practices, and  a familiar image depicted in early painting and sculpture. Vairochana is also one of the pre-eminent Buddhas in Tantric Buddhism along with Akshobhya and Amitabha. In some Sutra and Tantra explanations Vairochana is seen as a universal form of Shakyamuni Buddha and therefore especially important in the early development and history of Tantric Buddhism.
There are two main types of Vairochana:
- Buddha Appearance Vairochana
- Peaceful Appearance Vairochana
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Jeff Watt 10-2008 [updated 5-2017, 2-2020]