Art History Main Page
Seven Types of Function & Motivation:
- Devotional (reflective, sacred, meritorious, oath)
- Didactic, (instructional, matter of fact)
- Narrative, (biographical, story-telling)
- Utilitarian, (ritual, functional)
- Memorial (in memoriam, death)
- Commodity (necessity, financial)
- Decorative (aesthetic, beauty)
Video: Function & Motivation
The function of the various forms of Himalayan and Tibetan art and the motivation for the creation of such objects can generally be divided into seven categories. Some objects can over-lap with other categories such as ritual objects made at the request of the Yongle Emperor for the purpose of giving away to teachers, temples and monasteries. Objects can also be created for one or two reasons and then later re-purposed for another use such as initiation cards being framed and then strung together into a banner to be hung in a small temple or chapel. A painting or sculpture made as a commodity could later be owned by an important teacher and then re-classified after their passing as a devotional or sacred object.
See the Ashmolean Museum for examples of the seven Function-Motivation types.