Himalayan Art Resources

Subject: Refuge Field Art History & Composition

Refuge Field Main Page

Subjects, Topics & types:
- Masterworks
- Refuge Field Overview Outline
- Components & Elements Outline
- Simple Composition
- Complex Composition
- Charts Main Page
- Study Guide
- Confusions
- Others...

- Vertical Lineage
- Circular Lineage
- Cluster/Group/Cloud Lineage
- Jewel/Stack/Cloud
- Other

- Open Landscape
- Lotus
- Palace
- Tree
- Clouds
- Circular Rainbow
- Others...

- Figures & Deities
- Books

There are three main types of Refuge Field Paintings based on textual description and appearance in paintings: (1) Throne & Lotus, (2) Palace and (3) Tree. A variation on the first type might be a solitary lotus with the figures above. Examples of this can be seen in the Cho Refuge Field paintings. The 3rd type, the Tree appearance also has two main types. The first type depicts [1] the field of accumulation in a configuration on the peak of the tree. The second type describes the [2] field of accumulation as arranged on a five branched tree (four branches and the trunk). The first of these configurations is described by the 1st Panchen Lama, of the Gelug Tradition, in his Lama Chopa text (17th century) and the second type of tree configuration is described by the 9th Karmapa (16th century) and Jamgon Kongtrul of the Karma Kagyu in the Ngedon Dronme text (19th century).

Database Search: All Images

Jeff Watt [updated 1-2020]

(The images below are only a selection of examples from the links above).