Himalayan Art Resources

Teacher: Mandarava & Yeshe Tsogyal Comparison

Padmasambhava Main Page

Subjects, Topics & Tuypes:
- Description
- Mandarava
- Yeshe Tsogyal
- Female Teachers
- Confusions
- Others...

Video: Mandarava & Yeshe Tsogyal Comparison

Study Topics:
- Inscription
- Physical Placement: Sculpture
- Facing a Direction (sculpture: right or left)
- Garments: heavy or light
- Hand Attributes (vase, bowl, kila)
- Others...

There are only a few ways to distinguish the figures of Mandarava from Yeshe Tsogyal. When they are placed as a sculpture set then Mandarava will be on the proper right side of Padmasambhava with Yeshe Tsogyal seated or standing on the left side.

Mandarava will often be attired in light and ethereal clothing because she come from the warmer climates of the south. Yeshe Tsogyal, a Tibetan, will be dressed in heavier garments due to the higher and colder climate. This however is not a rule but rather something followed by some artists but not all.

Jeff Watt 11-2022

(The images below are only a selection of examples from the Sculpture link above).