Himalayan Art Resources

Subject: Conflation

Appropriation, Conflation & Abstraction

Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Description (below)
--- Deities
--- Persons
- Conflation
--- Meaning
--- Examples
--- Impact
--- Problem

- Conflation & Himalayan Art
- Appropriation, Conflation & Abstraction

If you don’t know conflations,
Then you don’t know general subjects

There are two main types of conflation. The first is related to deities and the second is related to persons and specifically people that are regarded as a re-incarnated teacher 'trulku' or an emanation of a teacher, Buddha, or deity.

Common Examples:
- Female Deities (Tara, Prajnaparamita, Vajrayogini)
- Male Deities (Avalokiteshvara, Mahakala)
- Vajrabhairava, Guhyasamaja, Chakrasamvara (Gelug)
- Incarnation Lineages
--- Karmapa, Dalai Lama, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo
--- Situ, Maitreya, Marpa, Jonang Taranata
- Others...

Jeff Watt 1-2023

(The images below are only a selection of examples from the links above).