Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Padmasambhava - (Main Form)

པད་མ་འབྱུང་གནས། 莲花生大士
(item no. 18374)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1500 - 1599
Lineages Nyingma, Sakya and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: King

Gender: Male

TBRC: bdr:P4956

Interpretation / Description

Padmasambhava, Guru Rinpoche (Tibetan: pe ma jung ne, English: Lotus Born): believed to be one of the main founders of Buddhism in Tibet. Possibly from the Kham Riwoche area.

Standing on the left side is Mandarava. On the right side is Yeshe Tsogyal.

In the top register, at the center is Samantabhadra Buddha, with the Eight forms of Padmasambhava to the right and left sides. Below that, placed on the inside registers, are Amitabha Buddha and Chaturbhuja Lokeshvara.

Descending on the right and left registers and occupying some spaces at the bottom of the composition are the Twenty-five principal disciples of Padmasambhava. Some are depicted as monks while others are lay followers.

At the bottom center is red Guru Dragpo, with two arms, holding a black scorpion. Below that are six meditational deities: Akshobhyavajra Guhyasmaja, Hayagriva, Chakrasamvara, Heruka, Hevajra and Green Tara.

"Miraculous buddha arising from a lotus, unborn, undying, possessing a vajra body, performing the activity of all buddhas of the three times; homage to Padmasambhava." (Nyingma liturgical verse).

Jeff Watt 1-2018

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Padmasambhava: Painting Masterworks
Collection of Richard R. & Magdalena Ernst (Masterworks)
Collection of Richard R. & Magdalena Ernst
Padmasambhava Main Page
Padmasambhava Early Images (Central Figure)
Padmasambhava: Early Images (Primary & Secondary)