|Date Range||1800 - 1899|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
|Catalogue #||acc.# F1997.14.2|
Tonpa Shenrab is depicted at the top center of the composition, in a seated posture with the right hand raised in a gesture of blessing and the left hand placed in the lap. He wears ornaments and garments following the appearance of peaceful deities is Tibetan art.
Dressed as a warrior with chain mail and a helmet, Drala Yesi Gyalpo (skra bla ye bsrid rgyal po) holds upraised in the right hand a riding crop and the left held at the side firmly grasps upright a long spear decorated with a pendant. A sword, bow and quiver of arrows hang at the waist. Atop a galloping white horse he is surrounded by billowing white clouds and wild animals.
At the upper corners, sides and along the bottom are numerous animals, attendants mounted on various animals and warriors riding horses. Each figure is accompanied by a Tibetan name inscription.
There are three groups of figures that surround the central deity. Group one  is composed of four animal-headed mounted figures in the four corners of the composition. The second group  consists of five warrior figures. The third group  consists of twelve animal 'werma' creatures.
The  first group of four figures are found at the top and bottom corners. They each have an animal face and ride the same animal as represented by the face of the rider. At the top left is Dudul Kyung Chen with a Kyung (bird) face riding a kyung. At the top right is Kundul Drag Chen with a dragon face riding a dragon. At the bottom right is Pa-ngam Darchen with a tiger face and riding a tiger. At the bottom left is Kadrag Dradul with a lion face and riding atop a lion.
The  second group, below the central figure, consists of five figures. At the center of this group is Domgo Lang Nying, a Kyung faced figure with bird wings, riding a horse. Surrounding him are four human warriors in Drala Appearance also riding horses.
The  third and last group consists of various animals, birds and four legged creatures, twelve in number, surrounding the central figure and interspersed with the other two groups of figures. Some of the animals are easily recognizable and others are not.
1. Golden-eyed kyung
3. Four-legged animal
5. Golden lion
6. Flying mouse
7. Marmot (?)
8. Snow lion
9. Conch lion
11. Wolf (?)
12. Black kyung
These twelve animals appear very similar in appearance and possibly function in a similar manner to the Thirteen Werma that accompany Ling Gesar when he appears in the form of Gesar Norbu Dradul.
Jeff Watt & Lee Hartline 1-2000 [updated 7-2011]
Front of Painting
English Translation of Inscription: [Name inscriptions in Tibetan language for most of the figures]
Reverse of Painting
Special Features: (Printed script (Uchen))
Bon Paintings: Masterworks
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