Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Durga (Hindu Deity)

རྫོང་གི་ལྷ་མོ། རིའི་སྲས་མོ། 难近母(印度教女神)
(item no. 65433)
Origin Location Nepal
Date Range 1200 - 1299
Lineages Hindu
Material Metal
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

The Warrior Goddess is the fearsome - demon destroying - form of the Daughter of the Himalayas, Parvati. Although she has many different origin myths associating her with different gods such as Brahma, Vishnu and Krishna, her relationship with Shiva and Parvati is popular in the Himalayan regions. According to chapter 38 of the Garuda Purana (10th-12th c.) Durga can have twenty-eight, eighteen, twelve, eight or four arms. Two lists of eighteen hand attributes are named in chapter 38 but neither of these lists accurately describe the eighteen armed Nepalese sculptures of Durga. Other forms of Durga with ten and six arms are also commonly found.

Jeff Watt 3-2005 [updated 6-2017]

Secondary Images
Related Items
Exhibition Appearances
Exhibition: From the Land of the Gods: Art of the Kathmandu Valley

Publications
HAR: Jeff Watt - Profile
Publication: Selection of Works - Sculpture (RMA)

Thematic Sets
Sculpture: Famous Works
Hindu Deity: Durga (Masterworks)
Subject: War, Conflict & Strife
Collection of Jourdan-Barry
Subject: Masterworks (Female Deity, 女性尊神, ལྷ་མོའི་ཚོགས།)
Subject: Universal Deities (Appearance)
Collection of RMA: Best of Collection 1
Collection of RMA: Selected Sculpture
Region: Nepal Main Page
Nepal: Early Malla Period Sculpture
Sculpture: Styles - Region & Artist
Collection of RMA: Sculpture - Iconic Masterworks
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Sculpture (Gallery 1)
RMA: How or Why an Object was Acquired
Collection of Rubin Museum (Nepalese Sculpture Masterworks)
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Nepal
Hindu Deity: Durga Main Page